Well the truth is manufactures make product to produce an affect. The term "perm" was adopted in our community long ago in an abbreviation for the word permanent. In our eyes we automatically think permanently straight. The fact is that "perm" technically is a solution made of a chemical called thio and is designed to make straight hair curly, and this solution is dangerous if ever mixed with what we have known to be a straightening solution called hydroxide. Although most people in the African American community have been mistaking about the word "perm", I'm here to share knowledge and help you as a client gain more expectations when seeing a stylist.
Most people with textured hair desire to wear it straight. Some temporary (blow outs) and some permanently with relaxers. Those of us who have a tight to medium tight curl pattern are often irritated by the "kinks" especially if you already have a relaxer and you have 2+ month of new growth. With this said there is a definite need for your hair to relax:)) From the tenseness and tightness that the two textures can give. Hence the proper name that was given to this chemical is RELAXER a chemical made of hydroxides of many types: sodium (lye) lithium(no base) guanidine, calcium (no Lye)
Although all of these Hydroxide relaxers should be applied by a knowledgeable professional who knows when to use which for what hair type. This is not always the case. Usually lye relaxers are applied in a salon and you find most no lye relaxers in a kit to use at home. The reason for this is based mainly on comfort for the scalp more so than health of the hair. Going back to the initial statement made by the ill informed client...No lye child friendly relaxers have strong alkaline straightening content but because children have a much lower tolerance for pain or discomfort and mostly have virgin unmanageable and untamed hair, manufacturers make the chemical strong enough to break that hair down but gentle enough to not burn the scalp as easy. THIS DOES NOT MEAN THIS IS A GENTLER CHEMICAL FOR THE HAIR. If you are not careful this relaxer can be just as damaging and in some cases, more damaging to the hair because people tend to leave it on longer because" it's not burning" not realizing the hair is being over processes and becoming weaker by the minute. By this being a no lye made of calcium hydroxide this type can cause calcium build up on the hair making it very dry and easy to break :((. Hair relaxed with this type of relaxer needs to be timed, thoroughly clarified, and deep conditioned with highly moisturizing conditioners often in order to preserve the hair's integrity. Is also very important to wait at least 8 to 10 week between touch ups.
There's a lot to learn about hair in general. I am an open book. I have experienced a lot and have learned a lot over the 13 year of being a stylist. It is my passion to educate and innovate new techniques and strategies to help clients and every day women with their hair care needs.